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Glossary - G

Gait analysis - evaluation of the manner or style of walking, usually done by observing the individual as he walks naturally in a straight line.

Ganglion ?? circumscribed subcutaneous herniations of tendon sheaths or joint capsules and contain a clear jelly-like fluid.

Gangrene ?? necrosis of tissue due to failure of blood supply followed by infection and decomposition of dead tissue.

Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, recurring attacks of joint inflammation (arthritis), deposits of hard lumps of uric acid in and around the joints, and decreased kidney function and kidney stones. Uric acid is a breakdown product of purines, that are part of many foods we eat. The tendency to develop gout and elevated blood uric acid level (hyperuricemia) is often inherited and can be promoted by obesity, weight gain, alcohol intake, high blood pressure, abnormal kidney function, and drugs. The most reliable diagnostic test for gout is the identification of crystals in joints, body fluids and tissues.

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